United Sound Systems
United Sound Systems Recording Studios (United Sound), which reopened for business in 2014, is Michigan’s oldest and Detroit’s first, still operating, independent recording studio.
The studio was the site of numerous well-known recordings, including those by the most popular artists of many genres. Jazz greats like Charlie Parker and Miles Davis, blues legends like John Lee Hooker and Muddy Waters, soul singers such as Aretha Franklin and Isaac Hayes, funk groups like Parliament and Funkadelic, and rock bands like Death and the Red Hot Chili Peppers, not to mention various musicians from other genres, all recorded at USS. Marv Johnson’s “Come To Me” was recorded there and released in 1959. It was the first single on the Tamla record label, the precursor of Berry Gordy’s Motown.
Since its beginning, the Detroit Sound Conservancy (DSC) has been involved in drawing attention to United Sound’s historical legacy. This page is dedicated to tracing that activism.
June 2012-Fall 2013
In June of 2012, DSC adviser Isaac Moore began using LocalWiki to document the contemporary history of United. United is currently threatened from a planned I-94 highway expansion that would, according to the Final Environmental Impact Statement, 2004, tear down the studio. In 2012, the DSC Landmarks Committee, including Moore, has been working to bring this alarming situation to the attention of Detroit music lovers throughout the world.
There have been reports in the local press that MDOT would be willing to move United Sound. It should be noted though that the only guaranteed way to preserve USS is to either 1) Revise the E.I.S. to avoid the proposed USS historic district completely and / or 2) legally stop the I-94 expansion.
In the fall of 2013, the present owner of USS went public with their desire to reopen the studio and protect the building. They wanted to see this nationally significant property protected for future generations. According to owner Danielle Scott, “We must preserve USS to remind us of the kind of musical people we have been. We must preserve USS to remind us of what kind of musical people we can be in the future.”
Historic Designation Process
Winter 2014-June 2015
The DSC was asked in January 2014 by the owners of USS for help in efforts to preserve the historic United Sound Systems in Detroit.
In this effort, the DSC asked historical preservationist Rebecca Binno Savage to begin the process to achieve historic designation in Detroit. The DSC believed that the Detroit City Council should designate the United Sound Systems building as an historic district in Detroit.
The USS building meets the criteria for designation for the following reasons:
Housed in a converted residential structure, it has been leasing recording studios at this site since approximately 1940.
It deserves to be protected under the City of Detroit’s Ordinance in Chapter 25, Article 2 for Historic Districts.
For these reasons, on Thursday, January 30th, 2014, the DSC submitted a request to the Detroit City Council via the Detroit City Clerk to designate USS an historic district in Detroit.
In May of 2014, Rebecca Binno-Savage gave an update on the historic designation process at our first Detroit music conference.
In fall 2014, the Historic Designation Advisory Board (HDAB) staff began writing up its final draft report for the approval of the HDAB.
On February 12, 2015, the HDAB voted unanimously to approve the final draft report and ordinance for making United Sound an historic district.
After a sixty day waiting period, the proposal and ordinance lead to the City Council for a vote.
The vote was delayed multiple times. One vote was scheduled for April 9th, another for April 23rd.
On May 7th a public hearing by the “Planning and Economic Development Standing Committee” of Detroit’ City Council was held on the proposed ordinance. Council Member Gabe Leland chaired the hearing. Council Member Mary Sheffield, a member of the committee, was in attendance. A presentation was made by Janese Chapman from HDAB (which included a short video). Afterwords a short presentation was made by owner Danielle Scott and manager Chynita Richards. They both took questions from the Committee. Our President Carleton Gholz spoke for the ordinance during the public comment period.
A vote by the City Council was scheduled for May 12th. Gholz spoke in favor of the ordinance.
The vote was unanimous with all nine City Council members voting for the ordinance.
On June 11, 2015, USS received a letter from HDAB saying that the ordinance had been passed on May 20th (effective April 20th).
“United Sound Systems is one of Detroit’s hidden historic properties that has had a significant impact on Detroit’s music status,” said Rebecca Binno Savage after hearing of the successful designation. “City of Detroit designation as a historic district brings United Sound Systems the recognition and protection it has earned.”
USS owner Danielle Scott said, “I’m excited to finally see things moving forward. This historic designation is confirmation that the hard work and dedication that everyone has provided these past years did not go unnoticed. I just wanna thank everyone that contributed to bringing this dream to fruition, especially the Detroit Sound Conservancy.”
Michigan Historic Landmark Process
In August 2015, the DSC announced that they would help United begin the process of getting a Michigan Historical Marker for the studio.
A successful fundraiser was held on October 23rd which brought in over $3000 towards the Michigan Historical Marker.
From November 2015 to May 2015, the DSC rented spaces for its first office, vault, and exhibit area in the lower level at United Sound.
You can make inquiries to detroitsoundconservancyATgmail.com
Please tweet to #unitedsound
Updated June 2016